There had been of several instantaneous causes of brand new Morant Bay rebellion, and a riot a few days prior to more than some court circumstances connected with trespass of the Black Jamaicans on property belonging to whites and you can issues along the distinct rents. Whenever police had been provided for stop the fresh rioters, added by the Black colored landowner, farmer, and you may Indigenous Baptist deacon, Paul Bogle, these people were met with opposition and you may turned-back, a conference you to definitely resulted in the calling upwards of one’s volunteer soldiers that were positioned from the Morant Bay courtroom home (Heuman 406). A new skills you to increased governmental stress had occurred in Sep, when a deputation with the Governor of impoverished peasants out of St. Thomas, immediately following a visit of forty-five kilometers so you can Foreign language City, are dismissed instead of seeing Eyre, exactly who after delivered a page advising that they is search redress about fairness system-the factor in its problems (Haldane 164-65). Heuman together with demonstrates to you the fresh rebellion because adopting the on the several episodes out-of post-emancipation resistance by Black Jamaicans on the 1840s and you may 50s to help you standards of poverty and you may disenfranchisement, so that as an expression of the concern about re also-enslavement. Black colored Jamaicans’ problems immediately following emancipation plus incorporated their unfair medication from the an official program presided over from the white magistrates who have been will plantation residents; highest taxation and reasonable earnings to your plantations; and you can shortage of the means to access land to help you rent during the sensible cost to possess independent farming, and that of many well-known to help you lowest-wage work towards plantations (Heuman 40-41; Lorimer 125). These scenarios were element of landowners’ concerted pressure to your Jamaica’s former submissives to continue working on high plantations once emancipation (see Holt).
This anxiety was not baseless, as the during the 1850s, when plantation owners discovered blame that have steps of Jamaica authorities, they often in public articulated its curiosity about Jamaica to participate the Us once the a servant condition (Heuman 38-39)
The brand new 1850s and you may very early 1860s was a time period of growing poverty and you can unemployment certainly one of Black colored Jamaican peasants considering the decreasing speed out of sugar, multiple cholera outbreaks, loss of the means to access South All of us avenues inside the Municipal War, https://internationalwomen.net/tr/macar-kadinlar/ highest import obligations towards agricultural provides, and you will expanding populace (Heuman 49-48). Whenever restaurants supplies became scarce, eager peasants got recourse so you’re able to theft, an information that has been fulfilled from the imposition off a great deal more punitive strategies against larceny because of the Eyre’s government for the 1864, resulting in progressively more inmates for the Jamaica’s jails (Heuman 45). Into the January 1865, Edward Underhill, the secretary of the Baptist Missionary Community, sent a letter with the Secretary regarding County towards Colonies outlining the dire impoverishment, jobless, and denial off legal rights in order to Black colored Jamaicans which he got witnessed through the a visit to south-west Indies for the 1859, criteria that he dreaded create lead to the governmental and you will economic collapse of one’s area (Heuman forty five).
Underhill’s page was forwarded to Governor Eyre, exactly who in turn marketed it to spiritual leadership and you can judicial officials in the isle, requesting its feedback
The publication away from Underhill’s letter regarding Jamaica Guardian on the 21 February lead to the company out of social group meetings, also known as “Underhill group meetings,” within the island in addition to creating of several petitions. Ann parish, requested lowest rents on the Top lands so that they could function a company market their own write. Eyre forwarded the brand new petition towards Colonial Work environment having an excellent dispatch disparaging the result of Underhill letter from inside the promising discontent and you will disobedience one of Jamaican peasants (Heuman forty eight-9). Which petition into Queen is actually replied for the a document that turned into known as “New Queen’s Suggestions,” however, which was compiled by Henry Taylor, your head of your West-india department of one’s Colonial Workplace.
- posta sipariЕџi gelin iyi fikir?
- 8 de febrero de 2024